1990s PRESENTATIONS
  • All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).


DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)


1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.



INSERT ALL CONTENT FOR PRESENTATION HERE:









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1990s ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS:
  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.

  1. Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991.
ANSWER:
  • Causes:The official start of the war was the invasion of Iraqi troops, led by Sadam Hussein, into Kuwait on August 2, 1990. The attack on Kuwait gave Hussein power over one of the world's largest supplies of oil.
  • Course: President Bush turnded away from foreign policy practiced throughout the Regan administration and treated war more aggressively. Bush dispatched 180,000 troops to protect Saudi Arabia, and by November of 1990 he doubled the amount of troops deployed in the Persian Gulf. The United Nations adopts resolutions condemning the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, demanding restoration of the Kuwaiti government.
  • Consequences: After one month of Allied bombing, the Iraqi troop morale suffered so badly that 30% of Baghdad's military desertedbefore the ground campaign started. Only 100 hrs. after the start of the Allied ground campaign, the Gulf war ended, and it became the most popular war since WWII. The success of the Persian Gulf War really boosted American confidence as the world's sole superpower, and led to President Bush's high voter approval ratings.
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2. One direct result of the Persian Gulf War was that the United States
A. gained control of oil resources in the Middle East
B. liberated Kuwait from Iraqi control
C. brought about peaceful relations between Israel and its neighbors
D. obtained overseas colonies in the Middle East


3. Explain the impact that social and cultural issues had during the 1992 presidential election and during President Clinton’s first term.
ANSWER: Clinton was a symbol of the "baby boomers" generation as he opposed the war in Vietnam, tried to avoid being drafted, and strongly supported legislation favoring diversity and equality. Bush's popularity was high after the Persian Gulf War, but the declining economy gave Clinton the opportunity to campaign government renewal and healthcare reform. The campaigns run by each candidate were largely attacks on the character of the other candidates; for example, Clinton was attacked by the other presidential candidates about his aversion to the Vietnam War draft. After Clinton's election there was unrest with voters who thought, given Ross Perot's popularity and the first democratic win in 12 years, that politicians were out of touch with the public. Women voter frustration stemmed from a feeling of underrepresentation in government, and therefore supported Hilary Clinton's role in the presidential campaign. Women were especially influential in upcoming elections with more women running for political office in 1992.
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4. What was the Contract with America? How did the Contract with America reflect the ideals of Republican congressional candidates in 1994?
ANSWER: When economic reform in the beginning of Clinton's term hit a few setbacks,The Contract with America was formed and signed. It was a document written and signed by Republican party members and members of the House durring the 1994 election, and it was a pledge to a balanced-budget amendment and other economic reforms. The contract also focused on reforms to benefit the welfare of the public. With the popularity of this contract and the growing frustration with the Clinton administration voters gave Republicans control of both the House and Senate.


5. Explain why and how President Clinton compromised with congressional Republicans after 1994.
ANSWER: President Clinton and congress created a bill that
reduced capital gain and estate taxes and gave taxpayers a credit of $500 per child and tax credits for college tuition,

created a new individual retirement account (IRA) that allowed people to invest taxed income for retirement without having to pay taxes upon withdrawal, raised the national minimum for cigarette taxes and, congress agreed to

expand federal student financial aid through Pell Grants, and lowerinterest rates on student loan

6. How was President Clinton able to lower the budget deficit during his first term?
ANSWER:In essence, Clinton raised the taxes for the wealthy by about 1.2% and cut taxes for many of the not so wealthy such as small businesses. He implemented spending restraints.


7. What policies of the Clinton administration reflected President Clinton’s effort to move his party to the right?
ANSWER: Clinton made the "Don't ask, Don't tell" bill which made it illegal to recognize same sex marriages in the military that were licensed by individual states which was different than his original promise of lifting the gay ban in the military. Clinton also put restraints on government spending trying to reduce it after much debt.


8. Explain the impeachment of President Clinton.
ANSWER: President Clinton was impeached under the conditions of perjury and obstruction of justice. The entire investigation began with Kenneth Star who was an independent counsel. He was investigating
alleged abuses including the firing of white house travel agents, the alleged misuse of FBI files, and Bill Clinton's conduct during the sexual harassment lawsuit filed by a former Arkansas government employee, Paula Jones. Clinton had had sexual relations with a white house secretary, Monica Lewinsky. All charges were acquitted in the end.


9. Which of the following scandals of the Clinton administration led to his impeachment?
A. accusations of financial impropriety uncovered in the Whitewater investigation
B. the acquisition by the Clinton administration of private FBI files of many public officials
C. the firing of career members of the White House travel office to be replaced with Clinton supporters
D. political donations linked to access to President Clinton, including the apparent sale of "coffees" with him and accusations of renting out the Lincoln bedroom for donations
E. Bill Clinton's perjury and alleged obstruction of justice about his affair with Monica Lewinsky when testifying in the Paula Jones sexual harassment trial

10. For the United States, the breakup of the Soviet Union had had the greatest effect on
A. import quotas
B. immigration policies
C. advances in technology
D. defense spending

11. Explain the economic, social, and cultural impact technology has had on the U.S.
ANSWER: The social impact of technology in the 90s was huge mainly because cell phones and personal computer were becoming common for all people to have. Also, MP3 players were becoming popular and people were able to download songs from the internet with CD quality sound. These advances had a big impact on our economy and are one of the main reasons for such a large and prolonged growth period. These advances set the stage for huge advances in technology that carry on to the culture we experience now in which we are dependent on technology. There was also alot of medical discoveries involving cancer, strokes, gene therapy, aging, AIDs, organ transplants and many others.


12. In the late twentieth century, economic globalization transferred the United States. Explain what globalization is and how it has affected American demographics and economics.
ANSWER: Economic globalization is increasing economic interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, services, and technology capital. The U.S. and other developed countries began integrating less developed countries economies in the 1990s. For example, in the 1990s McDonalds first began to open new restaurants in other countries, and eventually expanded to a worldwide franchise.


13. How did the supporters of immigration answer critics who blamed immigrants to taking away jobs from native-born Americans?
ANSWER: The immigration act of 1990 allowed 675,000 people to immigrate each year. The people opposing argued that the majority of people in America at that time had ancestors that were first generation, which gave them entitlement. However, people supporting the immigration pointed out that all people were at one point immigrants and that America is all about immigration as it has been called the 'Melting Pot' of the world.


14. Which of the following phrases best describes the U.S. economy of the 1990s?
A. severe recession
B. longest and largest economic boom in history
C. extended bear market
D. steadily climbing interest rates