1950s PRESENTATIONS
  • All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).


DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)


1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.


INSERT ALL CONTENT FOR PRESENTATION HERE:








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1950s ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS:
  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.


1. What actions did the U.S. government take to limit communism at home?
ANSWER: Truman set up a Loyalty Review Board in 1947 to investigate all federal employees. By 1951 many resigned and some were deemed as "security risks" and fired. The House of Un- American Activities Committee (the HUAC) led the fight against communism by investigating U.S. citizens who were accused of being communists or Soviet spies. The Hollywood Ten was a group of film directors, writers and actors who went to jail because they refused to answer the HUAC's interrogation. Those people were blacklisted and denied work from the film industry. The Internal Security Act required suspected communists to register with the government and imposed controls on immigrants suspected of being communist sympathizers. Joseph McCarthy helped fuel the suspicions of communist spies and sympathizers. By 1950 he claimed to have a list of known communists who worked at the State Department.

blacklistedhollywood_ten'
These are people protesting the Hollywood Ten.

2. How did Americans respond to real and perceived threats of domestic communism in the 1950s?
ANSWER: The biggest threat is to Americans was the atomic bomb. American families built and provisioned bomb shelters in their backyards to prepare for an atomic attack. Children had "duck and cover" drills in school to practice hiding under their desks in case of a bomb attack. Americans protested against communism.

duck
This is a picture of the duck and cover drills performed at schools.

3. Accusations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military were made by
A. Douglas MacArthur
B. Joseph McCarthy
C. John Foster Dulle
D. Alger Hiss
mcCarthy
This is a picture of Joseph McCarthy.

4. What were the major goals of President Truman's Fair Deal?

    • Why or why not?
ANSWER:
  • President Truman's Fair Deal was meant to build upon the New Deal plans, developed by his predecessor Franklin
Delano Roosevelt (FDR). The primary goals of the Fair Deal were to increase employment/minimum wage, provide equal rights
(especially to those facing racial discrimination in the South) provide assistance to farmers, provide a universal healthcare plan, and extend Social Security.
Truman also proposed the Fair Employment Practices Act, outlawing racial and religious discrimination in hiring.

  • The goals which were accomplished by the Fair Deal were: increase in the minimum wage, extending Social Security benefits to over
ten million more recipients, and the Housing Act of 1949 provided for the construction of over 80,000 low-cost homes. The Employment Practices Act
was passed by Congress in 1946.
fair_deal_cartoon.gif
This is a political cartoon from the late 40's to early 1950's which portrays President Truman
attempting to "hatch" the egg of a new "Fair Deal". The ducks in crutches represent all of the
nation's difficulties and problems which Truman is faced with. The depiction of Truman attempting
hatch the egg represents his struggle in trying to get the Fair deal passed through Congress.

5. What steps did President Eisenhower take to manage the nation's problems?
ANSWER:

  • To manage the nation's problems and concerns, President Eisenhower took steps such as strengthening established
programs such as Social Security, in addition, he also launched important new projects and programs such as the Interstate
Highway System in 1959. This was the single largest public works program in U.S history, stretching 46,876 miles with a budget
of $425 billion for construction. Under Eisenhower, unemployment benefits expanded, and minimum wage also increased. President
Eisenhower also eliminated thousands of government jobs, cut billions of dollars from the federal budget and cut farm subsidies to
help boost the economy. In addition, Eisenhower turned over federal owned coastal lands to the states, so they could be developed, and
he also supported increase in educational spending, and for educational and social programs that would benefit the nation.

eisenhower_1
This is a picture of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in office (34th President of the United States)

6. Where and how did Eisenhower practice containment?
ANSWER:

  • The policy of "containment" which originated in the Truman presidency, was also practiced by President Dwight
D. Eisenhower. Containment was a policy used by the United States in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism
abroad. The policy of containment was practiced by Eisenhower in the United States itself and abroad (Europe). During the Eisenhower years,
the U.S consolidated the policy of containment. The U.S ratified a series of bilateral and multilateral treaties, which were designed to encircle the Soviet Union and it's allies.
Containment was practiced in the U.S by censorship of media, etc. Containment was also practiced in Southeast Asia, in countries such as Vietnam. The practice of containment
ultimately led to "The Domino Effect Theory" which stated that if one country fell to communism, then each surrounding country would also fall. Thus, it was extremely important
for the United States to contain communism at it's source.

containment_1

This cartoon illustrates the "goal" of the Soviet Union, which is represented by the bear who appears to be spread communism around the world (arrows). The U.S developed the policy of containment in order to limit the power of the Soviets so communism could not spread across the world.

7. What was suburban life like during the 1950s?
ANSWER:
Higher wages, lower housing prices, automobiles, and the Baby Boom led to Suburban growth. By 1960, 60 million (30%) U.S. citizens lived in the suburbs. Each year between 1950-1960, 1 million new homes were built. Houses were inexpensive because housing companies would use one floor plan and veterans could receive low-interest mortgages through the Veteran's Administration and the Federal Housing Administration.


8. Which of these did not contribute to suburban growth in the 1950s?
A. housing costs were low
B. the population increased
C. the Highway Act made it easy for people to commute to jobs
D. apartments in the city were overcrowded


9. Compared to previous decades, the group that benefited most from the economy and culture of the 1950s was
A. African-American women.
B. African-American men.
C. white women.
D. white men.


10. The strength of the 1950s economy was due to
A. the growth of business and economic opportunities
B. the rapid growth of women in the work force
C. the increase of blue-collar jobs
D. the individuality of American workers and the dedication to their jobs

11. How did the trends in popular culture reflect the larger social changes among teenagers in the 1950s?
ANSWER:
An increase of money in suburban homes meant that teenagers no longer had to put their wages to help sustain their families. Teenagers worked part-time, if at all, and started buying clothes, products, and cars. This independence from their parents’ budget and control fostered a feeling of independence and rebellion. As teenagers started wearing different styled clothes and spending time away from home, they started to veer away from their parents’ ideals and beliefs.


12. How did technology contributed to suburbanization?
ANSWER:

  • Technology in the 50's greatly contributed to the "suburbanization" of America. New technology and modern conveniences such as ready made clothing, nursery school, and prepackaged
food provided a great deal of labor saving for women of the time. Women had more choices of going into the workforce and many of the household duties were now shared (in middle class
families). New technology contributed to a boom in population and a mass movement of people from cities to areas known as "the suburbs". Suburbs grew six times faster than cities because newly
constructed (often uniform) homes at low prices allowed many people to own houses for the first time.

suburbs_50's

A picture of what a 1950's suburb area would have looked like

13. Criticism of television in the 1950s was based on
A. its portrayal of an idealized white society
B. an abundance of TV violence
C. the size of the screen
D. its black-and-white images


14. In the 1950s, both the beat movement and rock 'n' roll were viewed as forms of
A. harmless entertainment.
B. rebellion against mainstream values
C. African-American culture
D. mainstream American values


15. Which of the following fashions would NOT have been popular in the 1950's?
A. short bob hair cut for girls
B. the duck tail, often with greased hair for boys
C. jeans and rolled t-shirt (often w/ cigarettes in the sleeve)
D. bell bottoms and peasant tops


16. Who put the first satellite (Sputnik) into space?
A. US
B. Germany
C. Great Britain
D. Soviet Union


17. Which of the following economic changes led to the conformity and “cookie cutter” society of 1950s?
A. spread of franchises
B. development of cheap manufactured housing for the suburbs
C. television advertising encouraging you to "keep up with the Jones'" enhanced by planned obsolescence leading consumers to purchase the latest model
D. demand for “loyal personnel” and “company people” in white collar/service jobs
E. all of the above


18. Which of the following is NOT true about the 1950s?
A. With the growth of suburbia, inner cities began to decay.
B. Even after the Brown v. Board verdict, states were not fully cooperate did not completely integrate their schools.
C. 1950's society is often labeled a throw away society because of its materialism.
D. Families were larger in the 1950's as birth control was not available and women were encouraged to stay in traditional roles.
E. Native Americans saw a great expansion of rights and economic opportunities during the 1950's.


19. During the 1950s the number of working mothers
A. increased
B. decreased
C. stayed the same
D. was cut in half


20. Why did consumption expand so dramatically in the 1950s?
Consumerism increased due to higher availability and lower prices of goods. Feelings of peace ad prosperity after the war fueled the purchases of big-ticket items like cars, washing machines, and other electronics.
What aspects of American life and culture did it influence?
All aspects of life were affected including: Family and Home dynamic, consumerism, entertainment, and music.