l1960s PRESENTATIONS
  • All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).


DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)


1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.



INSERT ALL CONTENT FOR PRESENTATION HERE:








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1960s ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS:
  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.


1. What were the roots of the civil rights movement?
    • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
    • Little Rock Nine (1957)
    • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
ANSWER: The Civil Rights movement that took place in the 60s is rooted in several important events that took place in the 50s.All of these events took place peacefully and changed the laws to make our country more fair. Unfortunatly some people didn't agree with the new laws which is why we still struggled with rights through out the sixties.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education was a benchmark supreme court case in 1954. It overturned the previous case, Plessy vs. Ferguson, that made segregation legal. Brown vs. Board made segregation illegal because "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." This court decision paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement.
  • The Little Rock Nine were a group of students in Little Rock, Arkansas. These nine African American students were initially not allowed to enter the previously segregated school building. On their first day of school the Arkansas national guard would not allow the students in the building. Not allowing the students to enter was against the Brownvs. Board ruling. Eventually the students entered the school with an armed escort for protection
  • The Montgomery Bus Boycott took place in Montgomery, Alabama. It was a protest against segregation on the public bus system. Blacks were forced to sit in teh back or stand while whites always could sit. After Rosa Park's arrest for not giving up her seat, the black community stopped using the buses. The bus company lost lots of money and the protest brought much attention to their cause. Over a year after the boycott started, the supreme court ruled that segregation on the bus was unconstitutional!

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2. Which of the following made segregation illegal
A. Plessey V Ferguson
B. Brown V Board of Education
C. ERA
D. 20th Amendment

3. What court case did Brown v. Board of Education overturn?
A. Roe v. Wade
B. Texas v. Johnson
C. Plessy v. Ferguson
D. Gideon v. Wainwright
E. Dred Scott v. Sanford

4. Purposely defying a law to challenge an unjust law is known as .
A. containment
B. planned obsolescence
C. soul force
D. civil disobedience
E. freedom ride

5. Which of the following was NOT used by African Americans desiring equality in the period following World War II to 1960?
A. Calls for widespread violent demonstrations and responses by Blacks to mistreatments.
B. nonviolent sit-ins in places where segregation was taking place.
C. boycotts to economically hurt racist white businesses
D. formation of Civil Rights groups (to organize grass root efforts (freedom rides, marches, etc.)
E. Groups like the NAACP used the courts as a means to change racist policies. They brought a series of cases demanding equal treatment.

6. What were the positive social and cultural changes of the 1960s?
ANSWER:
  • War on Poverty: LBJ proposed this act to congress when he became president. The national poverty rate had been growing and he wanted to stop it. He passed the Economic Oppertunity Act in 64.It helped people find jobs and supported poor families and their yound children.
  • Civil Rights: This included the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This act outlawed major forms of discrimination and segregation against blacks and woman. It ended the unfair voter requirments, unfair workplace hiring practices, and general public facility segregation including schools In addition to this, in 65 LBJ ordered that affirmative action should be taken by federal contractors to force them to hire without regard to race, religion, origin, etc. Gender was added to the list in 68.This promoted equal oppertunities for all.
  • Woman's Rights: As well as being included into the Civil Rights Acts, woman had their own battles to face. In 1963 Congress passed the Equal Pay Act. It was signed by Kennedy. This act forced employers to pay woman just as much as men. They were no longer allowed to change pay based on genger.
  • Elderly Rights: This was part of LBJ's Great Society. It was the first large scale effort to help older americans.The act provides money for nutrition and health and services.It helps make Retirement Homes treat the elderly as well as possible.
  • Children's Rights: The Elementary and Seconary Education Act is a very important act. It was passed in 1965 and is an extremly far reaching act for American education. It funds primary and secondary education. It also forbids a national curriculum. The bill tries to make each student have a fair oppertunity to learn well.

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7. What were the negative social and cultural changes of the 1960s?
ANSWER:
  • Urban violence caused by racism: In many urban areas, race riots became more common. The FBI was allowed to perform raids on the black panthers. The police and FBI killed many members. The government also tried to stop anit-war campaigns. This oppression could be compared to the Palmer Reaids or Japanese Internment. These riots were black protests of widespread discontent. The blacks had poor housing, bad jobs, exclusion from benefits, and police brutality.
  • American Indian discrimination: The governent tried to take advantage of the Indians. They wanted the Indian's lands for themselves and tried to break treaties. American Indians faced hard times because of unequal employment and salaries and oppression of their culture. In 68 the supreme court ruled that no one could take away land from Indians gained by treaties.
  • Increase in drug use: Because of the Hippie music and life style, drug use increased a lot in the sixties.
  • Increase in sexually transmitted diseases:The 'pill' was mass produces in 1960, which allowed more freedom for young people. Also the hippie movement caused more activity that put many more people at risk for these diseases.

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8. What domestic and foreign challenges were facing the U.S. at the start of the 1960s?
ANSWER:
  • Feared spread of communism (Fidel Castro created dictatorship with communist ideas)
  • Berlin Wall separating East and west Germany
  • Fear of nuclear war (result of Cuban Missile Crisis 1963)
  • Rising unemployment
  • Rising inflation
  • Stock Market decline
  • Poverty (people in minorities or in rural areas had trouble finding jobs because of discriminatory hiring techniques, leaving them in complete poverty)
  • Racism

9. The thirteen-day Cuban missile crisis of 1962
A. brought the world’s two superpowers dangerously close to nuclear war.
B. followed the accidental firing of a missile at the U.S. Guantanamo naval base.
C. weakened President Kennedy’s international standing.
D. ended with Fidel Castro’s promise to hold democratic elections in Cuba.

10.In response to finding Soviet missile sites in Cuba, JFK
A. blockaded the island of Cuba
B. orders the Bay of Pigs invasion
C. launched attacks on the missile sites
D. sank a number of Russian ships

11. What were President Kennedy’s motivations for increasing involvement in Vietnam?
ANSWER: President Kennedy was a strong believer in the "Domino Theory" and was afraid if Vietnam fell to Communism the other countries and regions around Vietnam would fall to communism as well. So President Kennedy increased the troops in Vietnam because he wanted to stop the spread of communism.
external image jfkviet1.jpg


12. What were the major accomplishments of LBJ’s Great Society?
- Translated civil rights into laws.
-Took the initiative to end poverty.
-Focused on elementary education.
-Introduced health medicare and medicaid.
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13. Johnson’s Great Society contained
A. The War on Poverty
B. Medicare
C. Medicaid
D. all of the above
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14.How did the Kennedy and Johnson administrations exemplify a liberal vision of federal government?
ANSWER:
In the words of Robert D. Marcus: "Kennedy entered office with ambitions to eradicate poverty and to raise America’s eyes to the stars through the space program."
Kennedy started many things to exemplify a liberal vision such as an economic stimulus program, cut taxes to boost the economy, increased the minimum wage, and created a food stamp program for poorer americans.
Once in office, Johnson, sponsored anti-poverty programs tax-cut bills and, civil rights legislation.


15. What difficulties did JFK face in getting civil rights legislation passed?
ANSWER:
He knew these people deserved the Rights of the rest of America, however he knew if he were to pass this legislation he would lose his suport of the southern liberals, that he needed to be reelected. So that was probably his biggest difficulty.

16. Explain the Gulf of Tonkin incident and its significance to American foreign policy? How did LBJ respond to the incident? What considerations, domestic and international, contributed to his course of action?
ANSWER:
Occurred in August of 1964 when North Vietnamese warships reportedly attacked 2 US warships on 2 separate occasions in the Gulf of Tonkin which neighbors Vietnam.


17. What was LBJ’s strategy for the war in Vietnam? Why wasn’t this strategy successful?
ANSWER:
He relied on air power to secure a speedy victory in Vietnam. In 1965, he launched Operation Rolling Thunder which was a bombing campaign against military targets in the north that were meant to weaken the enemy's will to fight. It was unsuccessful because The Vietcong quickly repaired essential lines of transportation and built many facilities underground.


18. The item that gave President Lyndon Johnson to use whatever means necessary to win the Vietnam War?
A. The Tet Offensive
B. The Emancipation Vietnamization
C. The Viet Cong Conclusion
D. The Gulf of Tonkin Bill of Rights
E. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

19.The Viet Cong were:
A. Japanese immigrants from Hong Kong who provided the South Vietnamese with weapons and technology
B. Vietnamese people who fought on the American side
C. an underground guerilla army formed by North Vietnam
D. a type of Vietnamese soldier for south Vietnam
E. a grenade made by Japanese immigrants from Hong Kong