1950s PRESENTATIONS
  • All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).


DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)


1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.



INSERT ALL CONTENT FOR PRESENTATION HERE:








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1950s ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS:
  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.

1. What actions did the U.S. government take to limit communism at home?
ANSWER: President Truman set up a special office to investigate federal employees because people accused him of allowing communists in the U.S. Also, Congress passed the House Un-American Activities Committee to fight domestic Communism. The HUAC questioned the ties of people who belonged to labor unions and liberal political groups. Congress also tried to fight communism at home by passing the Internal Security Act in 1950. This act required Communist Party members to register with the federal government.





2. How did Americans respond to real and perceived threats of domestic communism in the 1950s?
ANSWER: Because of the constant threat of communism, Americans were in a state of hysteria. No one trusted each other because anyone could be a communist. People started making Blacklists. These lists stated people that were suspected to be communist. Things got so bad that no Americans wanted to speak their mind anymore for the fear of being considered a communist.

hollywoodred.jpg
A Flyer to Stop Communism

3. Accusations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military were made by
A. Douglas MacArthur
B. Joseph McCarthy
C. John Foster Dulle
D. Alger Hiss
250px-Joseph_McCarthy.jpg


4. What were the major goals of President Truman's Fair Deal?
    • Were these goals accomplished?
    • Why or why not?
ANSWER: President Truman's immediate goals were full employment, a higher minimum wage, a national health insurance program, construction of affordable housing, increased aid to farmers, and the expansion of welfare
benefits to more people.
  • President Truman had managed to push through some of his reforms. He was able to push through the increased minimum wage, equal employment rights for all Americans, construction of affordable housing, and the expansion of welfare benefits but he was unable to push through all Americans having health insurance.
  • Truman struggled to achieve the goals because he had to deal with the fierce political opposition from conservative legislators who were determined to reduce the role of government



5. What steps did President Eisenhower take to manage the nation's problems?
ANSWER:Eisenhower had a warm self-confidence that reassured the American voters. This is the reason that Eisenhower secured his position as the U.S. president by receiving 55% of popular votes. Eisenhower also won by a landslide in the electoral college with a staggering 442 votes as opposed to his opponent's (Adlai Stevenson) lackluster 89 electoral votes. Eisenhower promised to end the Korean War and resist communism. Both promises were fulfilled; the former was achieved by stopping North Korean bombing raids as well as using military force to plough through peace negotiations. The picture below is a campaign button for Eisenhower, displaying the slogan "I Like Ike".
Additional Actions
I. Pledged to balance federal budget, reduce government regulation of the economy
A. Eliminated thousands of government jobs
B. Cut billions from federal budget
C. Cut farm subsides
II. Social Programs
A. Expanded social security and unemployment benefits
B. Increased minimum wage
C. Increased educational spending
D. Federal debt grew by 9%

external image i-like-ike-button-peace.jpg



6. Where and how did Eisenhower practice containment?
ANSWER: The biggest communistic threats facing Eisenhower came from North Korea and the Soviet Union. Other than the formerly-mentioned halt of bombing raids in North Korea, Eisenhower also used simple words rather than actions to defend the U.S. from the threat of communism. Eisenhower had word spread that the U.S. would resort to atomic bombing in similar vein to what Japan experienced if the heat and threat from the Red Scare (the time period of extreme Anti-Communism in the U.S.) became extreme. The firm word of caution worked for Eisenhower seeing as communism never washed up on our shores.
Other Countries:
A. Vietnam: 1954- Supplied South Vietnam with funds, weapons, and military aid to help them resist communist rebels and Ho Chi Minh's government
B. Latin America: Used CIA and covert actions to undermine governments that administration found objectionable. An example: Used the CIA to destablize the elected government in Guatemala because its president tried to nationalize land held by an American company.
C. Middle East: CIA intervened to protect American political and economic interests.

external image 425407_Dwight-D-Eisenhower.jpg



7. What was suburban life like during the 1950s?
ANSWER:
  • The suburbs were residential communities on the outskirt of cities.
  • The suburbs were one of the most dominant features of the 20th century.
  • People moved to the suburbs because they wanted out of the "crowded, dirty, and dangerous" cities.
  • The suburbs were calm and quiet. (They were more towards the country.)
  • People living in the suburbs still worked in the cities so railroads and highways were created to connect the suburbs to the cities.


800px-Markham-suburbs_aerial-edit2.jpg
8. Which of these did not contribute to suburban growth in the 1950s?
A. housing costs were low
B. the population increased
C. the Highway Act made it easy for people to commute to jobs
D. apartments in the city were overcrowded


9. Compared to previous decades, the group that benefited most from the economy and culture of the 1950s was
A. African-American women.
B. African-American men.
C. white women.
D. white men.


10. The strength of the 1950s economy was due to
A. the growth of business and economic opportunities
B. the rapid growth of women in the work force
C. the increase of blue-collar jobs
D. the individuality of American workers and the dedication to their jobs

11. How did the trends in popular culture reflect the larger social changes among teenagers in the 1950s?
ANSWER: Movies, music, magazines, and clothes all reflected teenage interests that were distinct from their parents.
Rock n' roll began, and created a large social gap between the teenagers and their parents. They were the first generation to really "defy" their parents and authorities.
Many rules in school. Many schools banned blue jeans for boys, and pants for girls. Adults tried to control all aspects of teenage life, and they rebelled.

12. How did technology contributed to suburbanization?
ANSWER:
  • Technology (the advancement of producing houses) grew in the 1950's throughout the suburbs.
  • Mass production styles to building houses made the suburbs grow, especially since this made them affordable.
  • Expansion of the highway systems made suburbs grow since now you could still work in the city without actually living there.
highway_system_stock_xs.jpg

13. Criticism of television in the 1950s was based on
A. its portrayal of an idealized white society
B. an abundance of TV violence
C. the size of the screen
D. its black-and-white images


14. In the 1950s, both the beat movement and rock 'n' roll were viewed as forms of
A. harmless entertainment.
B. rebellion against mainstream values
C. African-American culture
D. mainstream American values


15. Which of the following fashions would NOT have been popular in the 1950's?
A. short bob hair cut for girls
B. the duck tail, often with greased hair for boys
C. jeans and rolled t-shirt (often w/ cigarettes in the sleeve)
D. bell bottoms and peasant tops


16. Who put the first satellite (Sputnik) into space?
A. US
B. Germany
C. Great Britain
D. Soviet Union


17. Which of the following economic changes led to the conformity and “cookie cutter” society of 1950s?
A. spread of franchises
B. development of cheap manufactured housing for the suburbs
C. television advertising encouraging you to "keep up with the Jones'" enhanced by planned obsolescence leading consumers to purchase the latest model
D. demand for “loyal personnel” and “company people” in white collar/service jobs
E. all of the above


18. Which of the following is NOT true about the 1950s?
A. With the growth of suburbia, inner cities began to decay.
B. Even after the Brown v. Board verdict, states were not fully cooperate did not completely integrate their schools.
C. 1950's society is often labeled a throw away society because of its materialism.
D. Families were larger in the 1950's as birth control was not available and women were encouraged to stay in traditional roles.
E. Native Americans saw a great expansion of rights and economic opportunities during the 1950's.


19. During the 1950s the number of working mothers
A. increased
B. decreased
C. stayed the same
D. was cut in half


20. Why did consumption expand so dramatically in the 1950s?
  • What aspects of American life and culture did it influence?
ANSWER: The baby boom created higher demand for materials.
Families income rose, creating more money for goods.
Television was a new way for products to be advertised to the world