1990s PRESENTATIONS
  • All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).


DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)


1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.


INSERT ALL CONTENT FOR PRESENTATION HERE:







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1990s ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS:
  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.

  1. Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991.
ANSWER: Causes- On August 2, 1990, Saddam Hussein led some 80,000 Iraqi troops in the invasion of Kuwait. On August 6, 1990, President Bush declared, "This aggression will not stand" and dispatched 180,000 troops to protect the Saudi Kingdom. Also, Kuwait was very rich in oil, and President Bush didn't want Iraq to control more of the world's oil supply.
Course- Although the Iraqi army is the fourth largest in the world and heavily equipped, the coalition forces of US, Great Britain, France, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia had achieved air supremacy after a month of allied bombing. On February 23, about to begin their ground campaign named Operation Desert Storm, the allies mislead Iraqis into believing that the attack would occur along the Kuwait coastline and Kuwait's border with Saudi Arabia while, in actuality, the 300,000 troops shifted to western Saudi Arabia, allowing them to strike deep into Iraq. 100 hours after the ground campaign started, the war ended.
Consequences- This war was the most popular US war since World War II, because it restored American confidence in its position as the world's sole superpower and terminated the doubt and demoralization that began with the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal. Saddam Hussein was still in power in Iraq, but he had less control over other regional events. 100,000 Iraqi soldiers died compared to the 150 Americans who were killed and the 450 other Americans who were wounded.

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2. One direct result of the Persian Gulf War was that the United States
A. gained control of oil resources in the Middle East
B. liberated Kuwait from Iraqi control
C. brought about peaceful relations between Israel and its neighbors
D. obtained overseas colonies in the Middle East



3. Explain the impact that social and cultural issues had during the 1992 presidential election and during President Clinton’s first term.
ANSWER: The 1992 campaign began during an economic slowdown. In 1988 Bush promised that he would impose no new taxes, but he ended up accepting a tax increase that greatly affected his re-election. Also Bush's alleged greatest strength, foreign policy, became much less important during the peaceful time in the middle east after defeating Iraq in the Gulf War as well as the dissolution of the Soviet Union. On the other hand, Clinton had received allegations that he had "dodged the draft" during the Vietnam War, and that he had smoked marijuana but "didn't inhale". He was also accused of meeting with communists during his trip to Russia while he was a student, and the more well known scandal where he engaged in an extramarital affair with Gennifer Flowers.

During Clinton's first term, one of the major steps he took was the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" Policy. This allowed homosexual men and women to serve in the armed forces as long as their sexuality was kept a secret. This policy was criticized from both the left and right, with people stating that Clinton was being too tentative in promoting gay rights as well as others saying that he was being too insensitive to military life.

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4. What was the Contract with America? How did the Contract with America reflect the ideals of Republican congressional candidates in 1994?
ANSWER: The Contract of America was a document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign.The document promised to reshape the government by the decentralization of federal authority. The Republicans believed the government was too large and unresponsive and the big government programs sap invididual and family willpower. Therefore, main ambitions of the document included deregulation, tax cuts, reform of social programs, increased power for the states, and a balanced Federal Budget.


5. Explain why and how President Clinton compromised with congressional Republicans after 1994.
ANSWER: The congressional Republicans proposed lower taxes, welfare reform, tougher anti-crime laws, term limits for Congress, revised rules in Congress and a balanced budget amendment, appeasing the poor. In the elections of 1994, the Democrats lost 54 seats in the House of Representatives, and 8 seats in the Senate, giving the Republicans a majority in both houses of Congress for the first time since 1954. President Clinton's popularity began to plummet among the American people. His policies, such as reform of the New Deal welfare system, began to favor lower income America.



6. How was President Clinton able to lower the budget deficit during his first term?
ANSWER: In August of 1993, Clinton signed the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 which made tax cuts available to 90% of small businesses, raised taxes on the 1.2% of the wealthiest tax payers, and cut taxes for 15 million low income families. The act also mandated the budget be balanced over a number of years through the implementation of spending restraints.


7. What policies of the Clinton administration reflected President Clinton’s effort to move his party to the right?
ANSWER: Clinton was most notable for moving his party to the right- encouraging Democrats to cut welfare spending, balancing the federal budget, and embracing the North American Free Trade Agreement.


8. Explain the impeachment of President Clinton.
ANSWER: An investigation was started when the Clintons, both Hilary and Bill, were accused of financial misconduct. The Clintons had invested in the Whitewater Development Corporation that bought land for vacation home development. The charges against the Clintons were based off of illegal and unethical acts by the Whitewater company. As the investigation went on, investigators found a sexual harassment case in Clinton's past. They then interviewed Clinton and an intern that he allegedly had an affair with, Monica Lewinsky. Clinton told Lewinsky to lie to lawyers about the affair, he did the same. He later admitted to the affair, and he was accused of perjury. He was later convicted of perjury and was voted to be impeached by the House of Representatives.


9. Which of the following scandals of the Clinton administration led to his impeachment?
A. accusations of financial impropriety uncovered in the Whitewater investigation
B. the acquisition by the Clinton administration of private FBI files of many public officials
C. the firing of career members of the White House travel office to be replaced with Clinton supporters
D. political donations linked to access to President Clinton, including the apparent sale of "coffees" with him and accusations of renting out the Lincoln bedroom for donations
E. Bill Clinton's perjury and alleged obstruction of justice about his affair with Monica Lewinsky when testifying in the Paula Jones sexual harassment trial


10. For the United States, the breakup of the Soviet Union had had the greatest effect on
A. import quotas
B. immigration policies
C. advances in technology
D. defense spending

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11. Explain the economic, social, and cultural impact technology has had on the U.S.
ANSWER: During the 1990's, computer usage and advances became extremely popular. The World Wide Web was invented for users to access any information on any topic that they desired. This also provided the world with an extremely easy way of communication. Space exploration occurred in the 90's when the Hubble Telescope was launched.
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12. In the late twentieth century, economic globalization transferred the United States. Explain what globalization is and how it has affected American demographics and economics.
ANSWER: Globalization- The increasing global relationships of culture, people, and economic activity.
This affected American demographics because there was a huge wave of immigrants that came from Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia. The economy was affected because there was an outsourcing of jobs, growth of cross border economies and multinational corporations.
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13. How did the supporters of immigration answer critics who blamed immigrants to taking away jobs from native-born Americans?
ANSWER: The lowest national unemployment rate along with the fastest economic growth occurred in the 1990's when the largest wave of immigrants swept the U.S. Many people found that the immigrants were good for America because they took many of the jobs that were supposedly beneath the average high school educated citizen, such as janitorial services, crop pickers, and garbage collectors. Also many immigrant entrepreneurs created thousands of jobs for both Americans and immigrants, generating more than $19.5 billion in sales for the economy.


14. Which of the following phrases best describes the U.S. economy of the 1990s?
A. severe recession
B. longest and largest economic boom in history
C. extended bear market
D. steadily climbing interest rates