• All information, evidence, and materials from the presentation must be uploaded to this wiki.
  • Effectively present in-depth information that meets YOUR learning target(s).
  • Explain YOUR cultural topic(s) and how/why they are significant to the decade
  • Presentation must be creative and unique, allowing the audience to experience the decade (do not rely solely on a PowerPoint presentation)
    • Information (pertaining to YOUR learning targets) is presented in a creative, unique, well-organized and easy to understand format.
    • Presentation includes pictures, tables, interviews, and artifacts that are thoroughly explained and help the viewer understand YOUR learning target(s) and cultural topic(s).

DIRECTIONS FOR INSERTING CONTENT (if more than one person in your group is using PowerPoint, Prezi, Glogster, etc. then you MUST combine the presentations and upload only one file)

1. SAVE the file to your computer (to your desktop or another folder)2. Click on the 2012-04-27_08.43.22_am.png button in the center of the editing tool bar.3. Click on "Upload Files" button4. Locate your file on your computer and click "Choose"5. Click on the image that you have just uploaded and it will immediately be placed in your document.



  • All questions on the Assessment Question sheet are included and answered correctly and thoroughly on this wiki page.
  • Thoroughly explains the answers to the questions related to his/her learning targets.
  • Answers are supplemented by examples, images, charts and/or graphs.

1. What were the roots of the civil rights movement?
    • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
    • Little Rock Nine (1957)
    • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
-Brown v. Board of Education: Linda Brown from Topeka, Kansas was denied from attending an all-white elementary school near her home. Instead, she had to take a long and dangerous rout every day to the African American School far from her home. In the Supreme Court, lawyer Thurgood Marshall of the NAACP fought for Brown's right to attend the closer elementary school, claiming that segregation lowered African American's self worth and violated the 14th Amendment. On May 17, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren announced the court's decision that made racial segregation illegal in public schools. Though there were many whites who thought this to be positive, many white leaders in the South were angered by the decision.
-Little Rock Nine: Despite the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education, desegregation in the south moved slowly, but in 1954, the Little Rock, Arkansas school board became the first in the South to announce they would desegregate. In September 1957, Nine African Americans called the Little Rock Nine arrived at Central High School, a previously all-white school, where Governor Orval Faubus brought in the National Guard to "protect" them, but they only prevented them from entering while an angry mob rioted against the Nine African Americans. September 25, 1957, President Eisenhower ordered 1,000 troops to the school, and the Little Rock Nine were finally allowed to enter.
- Montgomery Bus Boycott: Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955 for violating segregation laws and refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger.the Montgomery Improvement Association along with 50,000 African Americans participated in a boycott of the bus system for 381 days. Despite violence against them, Martin Luther King Jr. called for a peaceful boycott. In November 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that Montgomery segregation laws were unconstitutional and the bus system was desegregated.

2. Which of the following made segregation illegal
A. Plessey V Ferguson
B. Brown V Board of Education
D. 20th Amendment

3. What court case did Brown v. Board of Education overturn?
A. Roe v. Wade
B. Texas v. Johnson
C. Plessy v. Ferguson
D. Gideon v. Wainwright
E. Dred Scott v. Sanford

4. Purposely defying a law to challenge an unjust law is known as .
A. containment
B. planned obsolescence
C. soul force
D. civil disobedience
E. freedom ride

5. Which of the following was NOT used by African Americans desiring equality in the period following World War II to 1960?
A. Calls for widespread violent demonstrations and responses by Blacks to mistreatments.
B. nonviolent sit-ins in places where segregation was taking place.
C. boycotts to economically hurt racist white businesses
D. formation of Civil Rights groups (to organize grass root efforts (freedom rides, marches, etc.)
E. Groups like the NAACP used the courts as a means to change racist policies. They brought a series of cases demanding equal treatment.

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6. What were the positive social and cultural changes of the 1960s?
•Civil rights movement made great changes in society in the 1960s, began peacfully with Martin luther king and Stokelycarmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests.

•Malcom X preached about black nationalism, after his assasination the black Panthers were formed to continue his mission.

College campuses became centers of debate and scenes of protesters, great numbers of young adults and baby boomers.

•The number of hispanicamericans tripled during the decade and became recognized an oppresed minority.
•Ceaser Chavez organized hispanics in the UFWA(United Farm Workers Association)
•JFK assasinated by lee Harvy Oswald in 1963, VP. LBJ became president and sent more troops to south vietnam.
•In 1964, the civil rights act included Gender.
•1967, Abortion became legal in some states.
7. What were the negative social and cultural changes of the 1960s?
ANSWER: Look at the answer for question 6, its both the positive and negative changes.

8. What domestic and foreign challenges were facing the U.S. at the start of the 1960s?
ANSWER: - JFK's main foreign concern was with the Soviet Union and communism, JFK strengthened military forces and added nuclear weapons to block communist expansion
- JFK was assassinated in Dallas on November 23, 1963, and Lyndon B. Johnson immediately took over
- African Americans fought for equality and voting rights through nonviolent actions
- women fought for the end of discrimination in the work force and voting rights
- Stock Market Decline (May 28,1962) - Dow Jones avg. fell 35 points (largest one day drop since October 1929)
- Many people living in rural areas and minoraty groups faced with disciminatory hiring practices and lived in complete poverty

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9. The thirteen-day Cuban missile crisis of 1962
A. brought the world’s two superpowers dangerously close to nuclear war.
B. followed the accidental firing of a missile at the U.S. Guantanamo naval base.
C. weakened President Kennedy’s international standing.
D. ended with Fidel Castro’s promise to hold democratic elections in Cuba.

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10.In response to finding Soviet missile sites in Cuba, JFK
A. blockaded the island of Cuba
B. orders the Bay of Pigs invasion
C. launched attacks on the missile sites
D. sank a number of Russian ships

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11. What were President Kennedy’s motivations for increasing involvement in Vietnam?
ANSWER: South Vietnam signed a military treaty with the U.S leading to the arrival of U.S support troops, and the formation of the U.S Military Assistance Command. Kennedy was determined to change the image of the U.S because of the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, and the building of the Berlin wall. So aiding South Vietnam provided the U.S with a chance to assert its power.

12. What were the major accomplishments of LBJ’s Great Society?
ANSWER:Johnsons Great Society had many accomplishments. He created Medicare, and a cabinet level department of housing and urban development (HUD). Johnson also brought to play a 1.3 billion dollar measure to aid public schools. LBJ's Great Society also started easing immigration procedures. The Great Society had an Omnibus housing bill, a highway beautification act, and the first black head of a cabinet department (Robert C. Weaver).
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13. Johnson’s Great Society contained
A. The War on Poverty
B. Medicare
C. Medicaid
D. all of the above

14.How did the Kennedy and Johnson administrations exemplify a liberal vision of federal government?
ANSWER: The Kennedy and Johnson administrations exemplified a liberal vision of federal government basically by rejecting the constitutional government. The Kennedy administration did so by enacting the New Frontier Policies which called for new programs that would address social and economic problems and the Johnson administration did so by building a "Great Society." Johnson's Great Society was formed to help and try to get rid of problems the poor faced.

15. What difficulties did JFK face in getting civil rights legislation passed?
ANSWER: JFK had a considerable amount of internal conflict concerning the passing of the civil rights legislation. He knew that the African Americans deserved respect and equality, but he knew that if he passed it, the Southern Democrats would not give him their support. He was worried that it would affect his re-election chances.

16. Explain the Gulf of Tonkin incident and its significance to American foreign policy? How did LBJ respond to the incident? What considerations, domestic and international, contributed to his course of action?
ANSWER:In August 1964 President Johnson reported to congress the two American warships (the Maddox and the Turner Joy) had been attacked by the Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin for no apparent reason. LBJ asked congress to pass the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which would give the president full control to take any necessary measures to repel an armed attack against the U.S. By passing this bill congress gave up there right to declare war. The fact is that the Maddox was actually spying on North Vietnamese for the South Vietnamese. The Turner joy was never attacked and was just faulty information.


17. What was LBJ’s strategy for the war in Vietnam? Why wasn’t this strategy successful?
ANSWER: LBJ wanted to attack from the air to cut off the Chi Minh trail to stop guerilla fighter and supplys from moving. The U.S. dropped more thatn 7 million tons of bombs. LBJ's effort was not successful, the guerilla fighters were still taking the lead in the war.
The U.S. dropped: Cluster bombs which carry hundreds of bomblet that scatter in every direction and explode on contact.
Naplam caused fire bombs
The U.S. also dropped defoliants such as agent orange to kill all vegitation to make the trails visible.

18. The item that gave President Lyndon Johnson to use whatever means necessary to win the Vietnam War?
A. The Tet Offensive
B. The Emancipation Vietnamization
C. The Viet Cong Conclusion
D. The Gulf of Tonkin Bill of Rights
E. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

19.The Viet Cong were:
A. Japanese immigrants from Hong Kong who provided the South Vietnamese with weapons and technology
B. Vietnamese people who fought on the American side
C. an underground guerilla army formed by North Vietnam
D. a type of Vietnamese soldier for south Vietnam
E. a grenade made by Japanese immigrants from Hong Kong